Bone Grafting in Kahului

Major & Minor Bone Grafting

What is Bone Grafting?

Bone grafting is like nature’s own renovation project for your body! It’s a surgical technique that fixes up damaged or missing bone by borrowing a small piece from another part of your body or using synthetic materials. Orthopedic and dental surgeons often use this trick to help bones heal better, fill in gaps, and support implants. Think of it as giving your body a little boost to kickstart its own rebuilding process, helping you get back to feeling your best.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different areas depending on the size needed. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.

What Are Some Consequences of Tooth and Jaw Bone Loss?

The ramifications of tooth and jaw bone loss encompass a spectrum of concerns with profound implications for oral health and overall well-being. Remaining dentition may undergo misalignment, drifting, loosening, or loss, while facial aesthetics may be compromised, leading to a collapsed facial profile and diminished lip support. Additionally, facial features may undergo distortion, exacerbating issues such as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, facial discomfort, and headaches. Speech and communication difficulties may arise, alongside challenges in achieving adequate nutrition due to impaired chewing function. Furthermore, sinus expansion may occur, further complicating the clinical picture.

Reasons for Jaw Bone Loss and Deterioration

Jaw bone loss and deterioration can stem from various factors, encompassing both systemic and local influences. Periodontal disease, a common culprit, can erode the supporting structures of the teeth, including the jawbone. Trauma or injury to the jaw, such as fractures, can also initiate bone loss. Additionally, tooth loss itself can lead to resorption of the surrounding bone due to lack of stimulation. Certain medical conditions like osteoporosis and osteomyelitis may compromise bone density and integrity in the jaw. Furthermore, inadequate dental hygiene practices, smoking, and poor nutrition can exacerbate bone loss. These multifactorial causes underscore the importance of preventive measures and timely intervention to mitigate the progression of jaw bone deterioration.

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